Does a Particular Temperature Affect the Efficiency of Solar Panels?

Views: 456     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2021-07-23      Origin: Site

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Heat energy and light energy can be seen everywhere in our lives, and we experience them at the same time in many situations, so many people confuse these two energies. It may not cause any problems in daily life, but for users who want to install solar photovoltaic systems, distinguishing between heat and light is an important factor in determining whether they can choose the most suitable solar panels.


Heat energy can be directly used by people to heat objects, which means that as long as you absorb it, your surface temperature must be very high. However, the light energy absorbed by the solar energy system needs to be transformed into usable energy. Therefore, as long as the solar panel has a high efficiency, most of the solar energy will not be converted into heat energy, and the surface temperature of the solar panel will not have a big change, which ensures the stable operation of the solar panel to a certain extent. 


Surprisingly, many test reports show that the ability of solar panels to withstand low temperature is much higher than that of high temperature. Why?



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The Effect of Temperature on Electron Movement

In general, solar panels generate electricity because electrons in atoms are excited by sunlight and begin to move. It is found that the vibration velocity of atoms in a high temperature solar panel is faster than that in a low temperature solar panel. In other words, when the solar energy accelerates the vibration speed of the atoms, the electrons in the atoms are difficult to move quickly, so the generation of electric energy cannot be carried out smoothly.


From another point of view, solar panels generate energy by moving electrons from a low energy state to a high energy state. When the temperature of the solar panel is much higher than usual, the difference between the two states becomes smaller, so less energy can be generated.


On the contrary, if the solar panel is in a relatively low temperature, those electrons can start to move after being excited by sunlight. Although it moves slowly, the energy transferred through those electrons is greater than that of the heated electrons.



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Direct Consequence

Solar panel efficiency drops by around 0.05% for every degree Celsius increase in temperature. It is important to note that we're talking about the temperature of the panel itself, not the outside temperature. The ideal environment for solar panels is a low temperature with sunny or windy weather. Under these conditions, solar panels can obtain a lot of energy from sunlight, and the wind will remove the normal heat generated inside the solar panels.


In fact, how much influence the temperature has on solar panels depends on how the solar panels are designed. Most reliable and experienced solar panel manufacturers will strictly control the temperature perception of panels.

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