Views: 374 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2021-04-20 Origin: Site
The new energy industry is growing rapidly under the support of national policies and market stimulation. As an important part of the new energy industry, the photovoltaic industry has also developed vigorously. At present, photovoltaic applications are mainly in the two directions: large-scale photovoltaic power plants and photovoltaic building integration.
The increasingly contradiction between urbanization and land resource shortage makes photovoltaic building integration show greater vitality and advantages. As a building part, photovoltaic modules can not only lighten the burden of power grid but also reduce the building energy consumption. However, in many projects, the self-explosion of the modules has become a problem when promoting the photovoltaic building integration. Whether the module is applicable has always been a controversial topic in the industry.
In order to understand why this PV module has such features, we will introduce its heat transfer mechanism in detail.
In the actual use, a considerable part of the solar radiation energy received by the solar module is converted into heat energy and diffused into the surrounding environment through heat conduction and radiation.
2. Causes of Self-explosion
With the wide use of large-area glass windows and glass curtain walls, glass self-explosion occurs from time to time. When photovoltaic modules are combined with buildings, they also encounter similar problems which bring great economic losses to the constructions.
Due to different glass properties, regions, and installation methods, the cause of self-detonation is very complicated. The following factors are unanimously recognized by experts.
As the exterior wall of a building, glass photovoltaic modules are inevitably affected by wind load and temperature. Since each area has different wind strength and heating conditions, these two factors should be considered carefully before installation.
Therefore, selecting proper thickness and specification of glass can effectively reduce the self-explosion. Because the outer glass of photovoltaic module is generally toughened glass, its compressive strength is much higher than ordinary glass, which can withstand more bending and temperature changes.
Tempered glass has a certain proportion of self-explosion, which has a lot to do with the thickness uniformity, flatness, and air bubbles of the glass. The glass generally absorbs infrared light and part of visible light from the sunlight. These lights can be converted into heat energy in the glass, making the glass temperature rise and forming the thermal expansion around the glass.
(3) Installation Mode of Components
The installation method of the glass is also one of the factors that may cause self- explosion. General components should be placed under the glass with elastic fixed cushion block. And the number of the block depends on the glass width. The glass with fixed cushion block can expand and contract freely during thermal expansion and cold contraction and thus reducing self-explosion.